There are four substance-related conditions recognized by experts. Substance intoxication, substance withdrawal, substance abuse, and substance dependence are the four recognized substance-related conditions. There are different criteria for each of these conditions. Also, these situations are manifested in the context of the substances most generally linked to them. The following categories are grouped by substances:
• Central nervous system depressants which includes alcohol, barbiturates,
benzodiazepines, and inhalants.
• Central nervous system stimulants which includes cocaine, amphetamines,
nicotine, and caffeine.
• Opioids which includes heroin and morphine.
• Hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP)
Central nervous system depressants directly affect the central nervous system which produces the symptoms of depression and cognitive impairment. The activation of the central nervous system and the parts of the brain that registers pleasures is the effect of taking in central nervous system stimulants. Opioids causes euphoria, lethargy, unconsciousness, and seizures and can be highly addictive. Hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP) produce perceptual illusions and distortions ad symptoms ranging from a sense of peace and tranquility to feelings of unreality and violence. On the other hand, the feelings of being high, impairments on cognitive and motor skills, and sometimes, experience of hallucination are the effects of taking in cannabis. Intoxication, withdrawal, abuse, and dependence can occur with most, although not all, of these substances.
There are many other substances used for intoxicating effects that more rarely lead to substance-related-disorders. These substances include anesthetics and analgesics, anticholinergic agents, anticonvulsants, antihistamines, blood pressure medications, antimicrobial medications, antiparkinsonian medications, corticosteroids, and gastrointestinal medications. Although most people exposed to these kind of substances either experience no psychoactive effects or only mild and transient effects, some people experience significant problems in cognition and mood, anxiety, hallucinations, delusions, and seizures when exposed. A diagnosis of other substance-related disorder are given to these people.
Whenever one happens to know someone who is intoxicated, one should readily be wary. Withdrawal, abuse, or much worse, dependence can often be a result of intoxication that is why signs of intoxication is really alarming. Nevertheless, when circumstances happen that intoxication has not been attended to and has lead to abuse and dependence, there is drug rehab to help you deal with it.
In order for a drug addicted individual to function well again, drug rehab is the process of assisting someone to improve and recover from drug addiction. The process of drug rehab is one of the important things to consider whenever drug addiction is present. In order to help drug addicted individuals, drug rehab is really very useful. There are different methods in how drug rehab can help drug abusers and drug dependents. Drug rehabilitation uses different techniques in order to do such helping. One can get a dose of drug rehab help in many places. There is your local and medical psychiatric societies where one can consult. One can also have an appointment over one’s university medical affiliated programs which are mostly hospital affiliated. There is also a much better way to help an individual regarding his or her search for drug rehab. One can start to join a health maintenance organization. One has access to different specialist by paying a monthly price compared to paying a per service fee when one decides to join a health maintenance organization. Whenever things go wrong, one will have the assurance.
Drug rehab is important in order to deal with the negative consequences produced by substance-related disorders.